Disease: Kidney cysts


    Kidney cysts are round pouches of fluid that form on or in the kidneys. Kidney cysts can be associated with serious disorders that may impair kidney function. But more commonly, kidney cysts are a type called simple kidney cysts — noncancerous cysts that rarely cause complications.

    It's not clear what causes simple kidney cysts. Typically, only one cyst occurs on the surface of a kidney, but multiple cysts can affect one or both kidneys. However, simple kidney cysts aren't the same as the cysts that form with polycystic kidney disease.

    Simple kidney cysts are often detected during an imaging test performed for another condition. Simple kidney cysts that don't cause signs or symptoms usually don't require treatment.

    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com


    Simple kidney cysts typically don't cause signs or symptoms. If a simple kidney cyst grows large enough, symptoms may include:

    • Dull pain in your back or side
    • Fever
    • Upper abdominal pain

    When to see a doctor

    Make an appointment with your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of a kidney cyst.

    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com


    It's not clear what causes simple kidney cysts. One theory suggests that kidney cysts develop when the surface layer of the kidney weakens and forms a pouch (diverticulum). The pouch then fills with fluid, detaches and develops into a cyst.

    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com


    Tests and procedures used to diagnose simple kidney cysts include:

    • Imaging tests. Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, a computerized tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are often used to investigate simple kidney cysts. Imaging tests can help your doctor determine whether a kidney mass is a cyst or a tumor.
    • Kidney function tests. Testing a sample of your blood may reveal whether a kidney cyst is impairing your kidney function.

    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com


    Kidney cysts can occasionally lead to complications, including:

    • An infected cyst. A kidney cyst may become infected, causing fever and pain.
    • A burst cyst. A kidney cyst that bursts causes severe pain in your back or side.
    • Urine obstruction. A kidney cyst that obstructs the normal flow of urine may lead to swelling of the kidney (hydronephrosis).

    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com

    Risk factors

    The risk of having simple kidney cysts increases as you get older, though they can occur at any age. Simple kidney cysts are more common in men.

    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com

    Health Services in

    Define Common Diseases

    Asthma Health Center helps you find information, definitaions and treatement options for most common diseases, sicknesses, illnesses and medical conditions. Find what diseases you have quick and now.